Worrying News from Cockpit Country: JET Says Bauxite Mining Remains a Threat

The issues and queries surrounding the Cockpit Country are so complex and numerous that I will definitely be writing about it again very soon. There are many aspects to it. It’s true to say, though, that overall concerns are growing, and residents are growing increasingly anxious, about the impact of bauxite mining on their health and livelihoods – not only in the Cockpit Country. Earlier this week residents blocked the entrance to the JISCO bauxite plant in St. Elizabeth, about which I wrote recently, in protest at the pollution affecting their communities. The effects of bauxite mining on the environment and on the humans that live and work in that environment are all part of the same parcel of worries. After all, we are our environment. 

Here is the Jamaica Environment Trust’s (JET) latest release, highlighting some key issues: Firstly, a new bauxite mining lease on the edge of the Cockpit Country Protected Area (there needs to be a buffer zone!); secondly, the lack of contact or communication with residents of specific communities that are severely affected – neither by the Government nor the company; and thirdly, the non-response from the relevant government agencies to JET’s requests for information. By the way, if you want to learn and discuss further, do drop by the JET booth at Green Expo next weekend (June 7 – 9 at the National Arena).

Save Cockpit Country

Bauxite Mining Still Threatens Cockpit Country

May 30, 2019

The Jamaica Environment Trust (JET) is growing increasingly alarmed at the activities of bauxite mining companies taking place next to the designated Cockpit Country Protected Area (CCPA) boundary. JET says it appears that the Government of Jamaica (GOJ) is placing interests of bauxite companies ahead of the welfare of Jamaican citizens and the safeguarding of their livelihoods and Jamaica’s natural resources.

“Bauxite mining is expanding in Cockpit Country communities in St Ann and Trelawny, which have been left out of the protected area,” said Suzanne Stanley, Chief Executive Officer of JET. “The absence of information from the government and these bauxite companies operating near the CCPA boundary has made what is already a bad situation, worse.”

At a recent meeting with Cockpit Country communities in Gibraltar, St Ann hosted by JET on May 16, residents of Gibraltar, Madras, and Barnstaple in St Ann explained that no one from the GOJ or mining company has met with them since early 2018. These communities fall under an active bauxite mining lease – Special Mining Lease (SML) 172 – held by Noranda Bauxite (New Day Aluminum) since 2017. Residents reported that they have observed the rapid expansion of the activities of the mining company in their area over the last year. Bauxite mining is not only degrading their land and displacing residents, but dust from the mining operations is also increasingly threatening their health and polluting their water supply.

A bauxite pit in Caledonia, St. Ann. (Photo: JET)

JET has also received reports from Cockpit Country communities closer to the designated protected area boundary (Alps, Sawyers and Ulster Spring in Trelawny) that Noranda has been hosting what the company has termed “Voluntary Public Consultation Meetings” towards the preparation of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for a new bauxite mining lease (SML 173), which they obtained in late 2018; that mining lease will allow Noranda to mine bauxite right up to the edge of the CCPA. “Noranda provided very clear details at the meeting in Ulster Spring and Sawyers as to where mining will take place under SML 173,” said Hugh Dixon, Executive Director of the Southern Trelawny Environmental Agency (STEA). “These communities are in objection to the mining because the area is Cockpit Country and defined geologically as having Cockpit Karst limestone topography…the area is where they live and produce crops, and has historical and archaeological value,” he asserted.

Air pollution at a bauxite mine in St. Ann. (Photo: JET)

JET’s efforts to get information from the GOJ on the CCPA and bauxite mining near the protected area have produced little results. JET’s September 2018 request for a copy of the agreement between the GOJ and New Day Aluminum (Noranda) from the Ministry of Transport and Mining using the Access to Information (ATI) Act has received no response. The decision of Jamaica’s ATI Tribunal is also still pending on JET’s May 31, 2018, appeal regarding the Forestry Department’s failure to provide access to files used to create maps of the CCPA. These maps were presented in Parliament by Jamaican Prime Minister the Most Hon. Andrew Holness during his November 2017 announcement of the CCPA boundary.

“The citizens of Jamaica deserve an explanation from the government about what is happening on the ground in Cockpit Country,” said Stanley. “It appears that little progress has been made towards protecting Cockpit Country under Jamaican law, meanwhile bauxite mining is moving ever closer to the protected area boundary and threatening the welfare and livelihoods of surrounding communities.”


The designated Cockpit Country Protected Area with existing mining leases and prospecting licenses.

8 thoughts on “Worrying News from Cockpit Country: JET Says Bauxite Mining Remains a Threat

  1. This is where we are thinking of visiting in July, I did not realize the amount of mining going on in the area. I know aluminum is versatile, lightweight, and used to a wide range of products, but in sensitive areas there should be a limit to the amount of mining being done.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hi Catherine. Yes, still planning to visit it…It is a large, complex area. In fact, there has always been mining around, but now the boundaries have been “settled” the mining companies are still trying to creep in, apparently with government approval. There should be a buffer zone – this is badly needed. Mining is a curse in my view, especially on our small island. It has caused all kinds of problems. Sigh!!

      Liked by 2 people

      1. Agree, mining is a curse, and can be dreadfully deadly at times. I truly feel for those who work deep in the mines.
        I very much look forward to visiting the area, particularly since you mentioned you have not been there.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. We have been to one small part of it. These mines are actually not deep. They scrape the surface of the land, creating huge scars, digging up all kinds of stuff and spreading toxic dust everywhere. So I guess they are still dangerous for people who work there…and they poison entire neighborhoods, quite apart from destroying ecosystems and our beautiful landscapes.

        Liked by 2 people

  2. Food Security
    There are many farmers in the Cockpit Country area. Would it not be a better fit to develop the Agro-industry rather than Bauxite industry? Food security is very important for the nation – both domestic and export. Bauxite ore is exported for a paltry revenue comparing to the lives of citizens. The watershed, fauna and flora areas MUST be protected. The Power of the People is greater than those in Power. VOTE THEM OUT if they betray the will of the people. These are the things the people must be vocal about, and don’t settle for handouts.

    The hunt for food is the dominant activity in the lives of all animals, and the collection, growing, and hunting of food was the primary occupation of human beings for thousands of years. Some animals such as carnivores or herbivores, can forage for themselves without human assistance or intervention. From the beginning of recorded human history, and the evolution of economic, social and political systems, the endeavor become more complex. Cultural interactions, human migrations, and global trade agreements, makes this basic human need more intricate. Although technological advances mean far fewer people take part in the production of our food these days, the preparation, consumption, and enjoyment of food remains a significant factor in our lives. Growing and reaping of agricultural crops still entail a great deal of manual labor, which is the norm in the interior of Jamaica..

    Liked by 1 person

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