We Need a Strong Organic Farming Movement in Jamaica


I always feel anxious when I hear reports that thieves have stolen crops from farmers. A warning goes out that we should not purchase or eat the lovely lettuces, tomatoes etc. because they are “not ready” to be consumed. Why not? Because it seems, the chemicals on them have not yet worn off.

Then again, I was concerned when a farmer in St. Elizabeth insisted to me recently that she could not grow her crops without using Roundup. This is the brand name of a herbicide, widely used in the U.S., which has glyphosate as its main ingredient. When combined with other chemical ingredients, this is a very toxic chemical. It’s non-selective, so it kills pretty much everything. Glyphosate is, in fact, contained in around 750 different products in the U.S. In Jamaica, such substances fall under the jurisdiction of the Pesticides Control Authority.

Concerns have been growing over the use of RoundUp in Jamaica. Now, Minister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries Audley Shaw reported a few weeks ago that a multi-agency technical working group has been formed to look into it. Minister Shaw has said cautiously that this is a “potentially serious matter.” The head of the Jamaica Agricultural Society Lenworth Fulton also seemed rather anxious.

RoundUp had not come under the spotlight in Jamaica until the recent court case in the U.S. when a landscaper was awarded a hefty US$289 million – now reduced to a mere $78.5 million, which the man’s lawyers are now appealing. We were all going merrily along with it up until that point. Large containers full of Roundup (and of glysophate itself) are at this point still sitting on the shelves of farm supply and hardware stores, island wide. Meanwhile, Minister Shaw’s working group is expected to come up with its recommendations in the next eight to ten months. So, early in 2020, we should have some conclusions – one hopes.

A field of tomatoes in St. Elizabeth. (My photo)

Now, thousands of lawsuits are pending in the U.S. regarding illnesses allegedly caused by Roundup and another herbicide, Ranger Pro, which also contains glysophate. A California couple has been awarded US$2 billion in another case brought against the manufacturers (actually, the third case to date that has resulted in a huge award). Attorneys claim that the herbicide causes non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a type of blood cancer.

A little more information about Roundup: It is produced by the somewhat notorious Monsanto, which was acquired by the German chemical company Bayer last year. After a tumultuous shareholders’ meeting on April 26, and the hefty awards, the company’s market value has been collapsing. Bayer says Roundup is safe when used as directed, quoting a recent study by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (which doesn’t have a very good name, these days) and 40 years of scientific data. How come the public is not convinced by Bayer’s array of reassuring scientists?

Fields in St. Elizabeth. (My photo)

Minister Shaw and others seem concerned that if Roundup is banned, or even restricted, then farmers would have to look for an alternative. It seems that, like the Americans, Jamaica has become totally dependent on the stuff. Meanwhile, appeals are being made to use these toxic substances carefully and to follow the instructions. I would have hoped this was already happening.

Which countries have now banned or restricted the use of glysophate? I counted 28 countries here. These 28 countries have at least tried to do something about it, sometimes with mixed results. The closest to us is Bermuda – which has slightly relaxed its ban in order to keep the roadsides neat and tidy. The most recent ban on glysophate imports is Vietnam. Many U.S. towns and cities have bans.

A couple of things to note about pesticides. We cannot separate our own health from the health of the environment that surrounds us – and where the chemicals end up. When we use them, they go into the air, any water that is nearby, into the soil. All pesticides have some level of toxicity for creatures that live in water. In fact, we should not apply them when it is raining or about to rain; they will drain into the soil and groundwater. It should never be poured into gullies, drains or watercourses.

Some herbicides hang around in the soil for quite a while longer than others. In the past, pesticides have had a major impact on wildlife – for example, DDT, which practically decimated the population of hawks (including Bald Eagles) in the United States, before it was banned. This was a major focus of Rachel Carson’s environmental classic Silent Spring, published in 1962 – but the ban didn’t take place until 1972. Oh yes, these things do take time. We have eight to ten months before we decide what to do about Roundup.

Produce from the fields of Jamaica. (My photo)

But then, there is an alternative which no one talks about much in Jamaica: How about going organic? At least for some small farmers? The Jamaica Organic Agriculture Movement (JOAM) exists. But it is a non-profit organization. I wish it would advocate more for environmentally friendly alternatives in agriculture. JOAM could also point out to farmers that there is a large export market for organic food; and that locally, too, you can actually earn more money from crops that are certified organic. It seems, however, that the majority of farmers stick to the “traditional” methods of farming – having already drunk the Roundup Koolaid and found it very tasty.

Minister J.C. Hutchinson, a man of considerable experience in this sector, said two years ago: “With the increasing consumer demand for organic produce, there can be no doubt that this is a pathway to the future.” Somehow, the pathway does not yet seem clear in Jamaica. Organic farming cannot just be a tiny niche, occupied by middle-class Jamaicans who have the time and money to pursue it. It should be more than a hobby, and there should be people out there lobbying for what I think probably is actually the traditional way of farming (though to be sure, it will also have its challenges). We have many small farmers; why not be a small organic farmer?

My concern right now is simply this: Let us not be careless with the toxic chemicals that we surround ourselves with. Can’t we live with less, or will the mega-corporations like Monsanto/Bayer and others insist that we cannot live without them? We should do a check, and try to reduce the chemicals we use in our bathrooms and hairdressing salons, kitchens, on our plants, to kill flies, cockroaches, mosquitoes (I’ve found “zappers” work pretty well on the latter). Exposure to pesticides is one of several factors thought to be responsible for the collapse of bee colonies, by the way. Without bees, our pollinators, we are lost.

It seems to me that we will not thrive if we continue to live with toxic chemicals – whatever the multinationals say. We will not thrive, and neither will our struggling, weary and poisoned environment.

Glyphosate for sale in a hardware/agricultural store in rural Jamaica. (Photo: Twitter)

22 thoughts on “We Need a Strong Organic Farming Movement in Jamaica

    1. Yes – we need to encourage and educate our farmers here in Jamaica on climate-smart, environmentally friendly agriculture. Many are stuck in the “old ways” because they don’t know the alternatives.

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  1. Greetings Petchary, I love your posts. They speak to the realities of Jamaica. I relocated to Jamaica 6 years December 2019 and I don’t know much about farming but I have been loving my encounters here in the country where we live. I throw seeds in the earth using no chemicals I will say that I use natural remedies that I found out about on Pinterest, that require mixing household items like baking soda, vinegar, cayenne and others to sort out the need for using pesticides. I would love it if you would visit us at ABOFA House to bear witness to our use of no pesticides, our compost area, and our 2 week free camp that we facilitate for underserved youths in our countryside area.

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    1. Thank you so much Dr. Harris. I try to “keep it real,” as they say. Yes, it’s amazing how natural and quite harmless substances can make good substitutes for really harmful, stong chemicals. I would love to come and visit you (in western Jamaica?) one day, and to learn more about your summer camp for youths. I really appreciate your comments, thank you!

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  2. Hello Emma:

    Do you send this to the FIPA Board list? They should see these articles.

    Cheers: Angela

    On Wed, May 15, 2019 at 12:32 AM Petchary’s Blog wrote:

    > petchary posted: “I always feel anxious when I hear reports that thieves > have stolen crops from farmers. A warning goes out that we should not > purchase or eat the lovely lettuces, tomatoes etc. because they are “not > ready” to be consumed. Why not? Because it seems, the che” >

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      1. Thank you for writing it. It was really interesting, now I’m doing my own research for an upcoming project.

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      2. You are most welcome! Of course, there are many sides to the story, and the manufacturers of these products are putting up a stout defense. I also came across a Twitter account called @croplife or something similar, which had some perspectives on pesticides…

        Liked by 1 person

  3. Hi, just a reminder that you’re receiving this newsletter as a free bonus to thank you for requesting more information from Revealed Films. Don’t forget to add support@revealedfilms.com to your address book so you don’t miss all the valuable content we will be sending your way in the weeks to come! You may unsubscribe if you no longer wish to receive our emails.

    GMOs Revealed
    Annemarie,

    Honeybees are a vital part of our environment…

    Did you know that they are responsible for pollinating 70% of the crops we depend on for food?

    These busy little insects are crucial when it comes to feeding the world, and if they were to disappear, we would quickly be faced with a crisis.

    But there are plenty of bees, right?

    Sadly, that’s not the case.

    For years, the honeybee population has been declining. A mysterious phenomenon called “colony collapse” is to blame, taking out entire hives when worker bees die off and leave the queen and young to slowly starve.

    The problem was first noticed in 1997, but it wasn’t until 2005 that the die-off rose to a level that attracted international attention.

    Since then, scientists have been scrambling to find the cause of the problem…while bees continue to disappear at an alarming rate.

    Beekeepers have seen up to a 70% reduction in their bee populations, with no way to stop the loss. Finally, a breakthrough was made last year.

    What’s to blame for the dangerous decline in our bees?

    Glyphosate…from Roundup.

    Once again, Roundup is responsible for a preventable environmental disaster that is threatening both an entire species and our food chain. What is it about Roundup that is hurting the bees?

    The answer is important, because it affects humans as well.

    Glyphosate is not just an herbicide; it is also patented as an antibiotic1.

    When bees come in contact with plants that have been sprayed by glyphosate, the chemical acts as an antibiotic and kills off important bacteria in the bee’s digestive tract…

    Leaving it vulnerable to illness.

    Humans also have a complex gut biome that is vital to our health and wellbeing, and glyphosate damages the balance in our digestive tracts as well. We are just beginning to understand the importance of our microbiome and the way it affects our health, mood, and even weight.

    The decline of honeybees is a warning that the 3.5 billion tons of glyphosate that have been sprayed indiscriminately on plants since 19742 are having a profound effect on our health as well as on the environment….

    And we need to take this problem very seriously.

    Unless we stop saturating our lawns, fields, and food with toxic glyphosate, honeybees will continue to die, and we will begin to see a decline in the foods, flowers, and plants that rely on bees for pollination.

    In the meantime, the plight of the honeybees has reached the media and we’re hearing about the important role they play in our environment.

    More people have started keeping bees, and information about how to protect them is being shared.

    Let’s hope, for the bees’ sake and for ours, that the link between glyphosate and colony collapse does not get buried by Monsanto/Bayer, and that action is taken to remove Roundup from the market.

    Until then, it can’t hurt to plant some bee-friendly flowers in your yard…

    And keep them pesticide free!

    Sincerely,

    The GMOs Revealed Team

    P.S. Not only do bees pollinate 70% of the crops we depend on as a species… They also make honey!

    Honey is one of natures miracles… it is delicious… has powerful healing properties… contains all of the essential amino acids we need… helps you fall into deep, restful sleep…

    And—did we mention?

    It’s delicious!

    These compassionate, responsible beekeepers are working to save the bee population…

    And they support their mission by combining honey with one of natures other wonders… something you’ve probably heard a lot about lately… CBD.

    Check out what happens when you combine two of nature’s most wonderful gifts!

    References

    Abraham, W. (2003). USA Patent No. US7771736B2
    Price, A. (2018, October 3). New Study Shows Roundup Kills Bees. Sierra Club website
    Revealed Films
    1776 Suite 4-217
    Park City, UT 84060
    Tel: (833) 738-3456
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    The sender of this email receives compensation when products and services featured herein are purchased.

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  4. Thank you, Emma, for reporting on this subject matter, Roundup is known to be highly toxic and creating cancer. Below another article about it. Jamaica needs to gear up fast and stop poisoning the environment. The attitude is rather slack what this is concerned. There are enough reports to prove how dangerous Roundup is. Monsanto, if I remember correctly was sued for what they did to the Indian cotton farmers. This is not a laughing matter.

    https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-48262567?fbclid=IwAR0PkvOLbo2GgKWJUyZjOXM_psCKac9e_p2O37cQryMWeEAMzqOM2QEMhFE

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